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Monuments and Memorials

Landmarks dedicated to the memory of important people and events.


Abraham Lincoln Tomb

Springfield, Illinois
This Illinois State Historic Site is the final resting place of Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and three of their four sons. The exterior includes a terrace and an obelisk, while the interior contains a rotunda and the burial room.


Agua Fria National Monument

Cleator, Yavapai County, Arizona
Created by Presidential proclamation on January 11, 2000, the 71,100 acre (288 km2) monument has over 450 distinct Native American structures, some of large pueblos containing more than 100 rooms each.


Aniakchak National Monument and National Recreation Area

This remote place is perhaps the least visited unit of the National Park System. The national monument is 137,176 federal acres (555 km2) and the preserve is 465,603 acres (1,884 km2) of which 439,863 are federal.


Arlington House (The Robert E. Lee Memorial)

Arlington, Virginia
During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, in part to ensure that Confederate General Robert E. Lee would never again be able to return to his home.


Arlington National Cemetery

Arlington, Virginia
The cemetery was established on the grounds of Arlington House, formerly the estate of the family of Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna Custis Lee, a descendant of Martha Washington.


Bear River Massacre Monument

Franklin County, Idaho
The monument was erected by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers in memory of the Battle of Bear River (Massacre at Boa Ogoi), which took place on January 29, 1863, between the United States Army and the Shoshone Indians.


Benjamin Franklin National Memorial

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Located in the the Franklin Institute Science Museum, the National Memorial features a 20 feet (6m) tall statue of Benjamin Franklin sculpted by James Earle Fraser between 1906 and 1911.


Boll Weevil Monument

Enterprise, Coffee County, Alabama, 36330
The city erected the statue because the destruction of the cotton crop led to agricultural diversity and more prosperity than had ever come from cotton alone. It is said to be the only statue to an insect pest in the world.


Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Chinle, Apache County, Arizona
The monument covers 131 square miles (339 km2) and encompasses the floors and rims of the three major canyons: de Chelly, del Muerto, and Monument. These canyons were cut by streams with headwaters in the Chuska mountains.


Cape Krusenstern National Monument

Cape Krusenstern National Monument stretches 70 miles along the Chukchi Sea shoreline. It is made up mainly of a coastal plain, containing large lagoons and rolling hills of limestone. Beach ridges provide evidence of 5000 years of human activity.


Devils Tower National Monument

Crook County, Wyoming
Devil's Tower rises 1267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding land and is part of the United States first official National Monument. It played a large role in the movie "Close Encounters of the Third Kind."


Effigy Mounds National Monument

Clayton, Iowa
Effigy Mounds National Monument preserves more than 200 prehistoric mounds built by Native Americans including numerous effigy mounds shaped like animals, including bears and birds.


Flagler Memorial Monument

Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida
A 110-foot (34 m) high obelisk with allegorical sculptures at its base stands as a monument to Miami pioneer Henry M. Flagler. It was constructed in the center of an artificial island in memory of Flagler, who died in 1913.


Florence Martus Waving Girl Monument

Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, 31401
Florence Martus, aka "the Waving Girl", took it upon herself to be the unofficial greeter of all ships that entered and left the Port of Savannah, Georgia, between 1887 and 1931.


Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine

Baltimore, Maryland, 21230
During the Battle of Baltimore in 1814, a lawyer named Francis Scott Key was watching the U.S. flag wave over Fort McHenry. He was inspired to write a poem called the "Star-Spangled Banner."


Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, 20024
Spread over 7.5 acres, the memorial is composed of four outdoor rooms, one for each of FDR's terms of office. Each of the four areas of the memorial contains a waterfall.


George Washington Masonic Memorial

Alexandria, Virginia
The tower is fashioned after the Lighthouse of Alexandria, in part because of town's namesake, and the masonic interest in great buildings of the ancient world.


Gnadenhutten Massacre Monument

Gnadenhutten, Ohio
The Gnadenhutten Massacre, also known as the Moravian Massacre, was the killing on March 8, 1782, of ninety-six Christian American Indians, including sixty-eight women and children, by American militia from Pennsylvania during the American Revolution.


Go For Broke Monument

Los Angeles, California
The Go For Broke Monument commemorates Japanese Americans who served overseas in the United States Military during World War II. The monument's wall lists the names of 16,126 Nisei (Second generation Japanese-American) soldiers.


James A. Garfield Memorial

Cleveland, Ohio
President and Mrs. Garfield are entombed in the lower level crypt, their coffins placed side by side and visible to cemetery visitors.


James Dean Memorial

Cholame, California
Famous for his role in the movie "Rebel Without a Cause," James Dean was one of America's most famous teen idols. The irony that the racing enthusiast died in a car accident is reflected in the unique design of this memorial.


Jefferson Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The Jefferson Memorial was officially dedicated on April 13, 1943 - the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birthday.


Jenkins Ferry State Park

Here at Jenkins Ferry on April 29 and 30, 1864, Union troops fought off an attack by the Confederates and, using an inflatable pontoon bridge, crossed the flooded Saline River and retreated to Little Rock.


John F. Kennedy Memorial

Dallas, Dallas County, Texas, 75202
The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial is a monument to U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy in the West End Historic District of downtown Dallas. It was erected in 1970, and designed by noted architect Philip Johnson.


Korean War Veterans Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia, 20020
The memorial is in the form of a triangle intersecting a circle. Within the triangle are 19 stainless steel statues designed by Frank Gaylord representing a squad on patrol.


Liberty Memorial

Kansas City, Missouri
When the Liberty Memorial opened on November 11, 1926 , President Calvin Coolidge delivered the dedication speech. The memorial is home to the National World War I Museum, which opened on December 2, 2006.


Lincoln Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
The Lincoln Memorial replicates the form of a Greek Doric temple and contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln.


Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument

Crow Agency, Montana
This monument is dedicated to the men who died in the battle of the Little Bighorn. It was build in 1881 making it the oldest national monument in the country.


Marine Corps War Memorial

Rosslyn, Virginia
Although the Marine Corps War Memorial depicts one of the famous moments of World War II, the memorial is dedicated to all Marines who have given their lives in the service of the United States since 1775.


Mount Rushmore National Memorial

near Keystone, South Dakota
One of the most recognized and controversial landmarks in the United States, Mt. Rushmore features the faces of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Lincoln.


National Memorial Arch

Valley Forge National Historical Park, Pennsylvania
The Arch was erected in 1910 by an act of the 61st Congress. Designed by University of Pennsylvania professor Paul Philippe Cret, the Arch is built in a style similar to the Arch of Titus in Rome.


National Monument to the Forefathers (Pilgrim Monument)

Plymouth, Massachusetts
It's not an official National Monument, but it was renamed to show that it is dedicated to the entire nation and to keep it from being confused with another monument in the same town called "Pilgrim Monument."


Petrified Forest National Park

The Petrified Forest features one of the world's largest and most colorful concentrations of petrified wood. The park covers 218,533 acres (341.5 sq mi / 885 km2).


Pilgrim Monument

Provincetown, Barnstable County, Massachusetts, 02657
The Pilgrim Monument was built between 1907 and 1910 to commemorate the first landfall of the Pilgrims in 1620 and the signing in Provincetown Harbor of the Mayflower Compact.


Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

Gran Quivira, New Mexico
These austere yet beautiful reminders of this earliest contact between Pueblo Indians and Spanish Colonials consists of the ruins of four mission churches: Quarai, Abo, Gran Quivira and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas.


San Jacinto Monument

La Porte, Harris County, Texas
The San Jacinto Monument is a 570 foot (173.7 m) high column topped with a 220 ton star that commemorates the site of the Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. It is the second tallest monument in the United States.


Soldiers and Sailors Monument (Indianapolis)

Indianapolis, Indiana
The Soldiers and Sailors Monument was designed by German architect Bruno Schmitz, and was completed in 1901. The basement of the monument is the Colonel Eli Lilly Museum, a museum of Indiana history during the American Civil War.


U.S.S. Arizona Memorial

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
The memorial, dedicated in 1962, spans the sunken hull of the battleship Arizona without touching it. The Navy stipulated that the memorial be in the form of a bridge floating above the ship and accommodate 200 people.


Vietnam Women's Memorial

Washington, District of Columbia
During the Vietnam War, over a quarter of a million women volunteered to serve in Vietnam as nurses and other support personnel. This memorial is dedicated to those women.


Washington Monument (Baltimore)

Baltimore, Maryland, 699 N Char
Designed by Robert Mills who also designed the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C., construction began in 1815 and was completed by 1829.


Washington Monument State Park

Washington County, Maryland
This park is not named for the famous monument in Washington, D.C., but for a 34 feet tall tower on the peak of South Mountain. The rough stone tower was the first monument in the United States dedicated to George Washington.

Top 10 Most Popular Monuments and Memorials Landmarks

  1. Devils Tower National Monument
  2. Abraham Lincoln Tomb
  3. Mount Rushmore National Memorial
  4. San Jacinto Monument
  5. Gateway Arch (St. Louis Arch)
  6. Arlington House (The Robert E. Lee Memorial)
  7. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument
  8. Gnadenhutten Massacre Monument
  9. National Monument to the Forefathers (Pilgrim Monument)
  10. Arlington National Cemetery

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