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Texas State Capitol

1100 Congress Ave
Austin, Travis County, Texas, 78701

Texas State Capitol
Photo: LoneStarMike License: CC BY 3.0
The Texas State Capitol, completed in 1888, contains the offices and chambers of the Texas Legislature and the Office of the Governor. The Texas State Capitol is 308 feet (94 m) tall, making it the sixth tallest state capitol in the country.
The cornerstone for the building was laid on March 2, 1885, Texas Independence Day, and the completed building was opened to the public on April 21, 1888, San Jacinto Day.

The designers originally planned for the building to be clad entirely with hill country limestone quarried in Oatmanville (present-day Oak Hill), about 10 miles (16 km) to the southwest. However, the high iron content of the limestone led it to rapidly discolor with rust stains when exposed to the elements. Learning of the problem, the owners of Granite Mountain near Marble Falls offered to donate to the state, free of charge, the necessary amount of sunset red granite as an alternative. While the building is mostly built of the Oak Hill limestone, most of this is hidden behind the walls and on the foundations. Red granite was subsequently used for many state government buildings in the Austin area.

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