The ship was named for after American University in Washington, D.C.
She was built at the California Shipbuilding (Calship) Yard in Los Angeles, California.
Victory is 455 feet long, 62 feet wide, has a draft of 28 feet and weights 7612 tons. Her displacement is 10.750 tons. The ship was equipped with one 5-inch 38 caliber gun, one 3-inch/50 caliber gun and eight 20 mm guns.