Congaree and Broad Rivers
Columbia, South Carolina
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The Columbia Canal is the surviving canal of a series of canals built by the State of South Carolina in 1824 to provide direct water routes between the upstate settlements and the towns on the Fall Line.
The Fall Line is where the Piedmont and Atlantic coastal plain meet. It marks the geologic boundary of hard metamorphosed terrain—the product of the Taconic orogeny—and the sandy, relatively flat outwash plain of the upper continental shelf, formed of unconsolidated Cretaceous and Cenozoic sediments.
The canal is now used to generate hydroelectric power by the South Carolina Electric & Gas Co.
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