The Great Seal of the state of California has 31 stars on the upper edge representing the number of states upon California's admission to the United states. A grizzly bear and grape cluster represent abundant wildlife and agricultural richness.
Below the Sierra Nevada Mountains, a miner works near the Sacramento River - shown busy with commercial traffic. "Eureka" (Greek for "I have found it") probably refers to the discovery of gold. Minerva, the Roman goddess of wisdom, overlooks the scene.
The State Legislature adopted the California State Flag in 1911, after a design drawn by William Todd in 1846.
The star imitates the lone star of Texas. A grizzly bear represents the many bears seen in the state. The word, "California Republic" is placed beneath the star and bear.