Landmark: United States Logo

National Historic Sites

Single historically significant natural features or man-made structures that are protected by the government. Most are managed by the National Park Service, but some are privately owned.


Alcatraz Island

Often referred to as "The Rock" or simply Alcatraz, the island has been the location of a lighthouse, a fort, a military and federal prison and an American Indian protest. It has become a popular tourist attraction.


Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site

Cresson, Pennsylvania, 16630
The Allegheny Portage Railroad was the first railroad constructed through the Allegheny Mountains in central Pennsylvania. It was approximately 36 miles (58 km) long, and operated from 1834 to 1854.


Carpenter's Hall

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19106
Build in 1770 and owned by oldest trade guild in America, Carpenter's Hall was the site of the First Continental Congress in 1774. Today it is part of Independence National Historical Park.


Cataldo Mission

Cataldo, Kootenai County, Idaho
Also called the Mission of the Sacred Heart, the church is the oldest standing building in Idaho. It was designed by Antonio Ravalli, who made sure that it was constructed by local Indians so that they could feel part of the church.


Chimney Rock National Historic Site

Morrill County, Nebraska, 69334
During the middle 19th century Chimney Rock served as a landmark along the Oregon Trail, the California Trail, and the Mormon Trail, which ran along the north side of the rock.


Eisenhower National Historic Site

Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania
The house served as a Presidential Retreat during the Eisenhower administration and was also home to the Eisenhowers after they left the White House in 1961.


Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site

Williston, Williams County, North Dakota, 58801
This was the most important fur trading post on the upper Missouri until 1867. Visitors included John James Audubon, George Catlin, Father Pierre DeSmet, Sitting Bull, Karl Bodmer, and Jim Bridger.


Fox Theatre

Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan, 48201
The Fox Theatre is a performing arts center located at 2211 Woodward Avenue in Downtown Detroit. Opened in 1928 as a flagship movie palace in the Fox Theatres chain, the Fox has 5,048 seats. It is the largest surviving movie palace of the 1920s.


Franklin Court

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
This is where Benjamin Franklin lived and worked in Philadelphia. The court contains recreations of storefronts and apartments owned and run by Franklin, plus a "ghost house," a steel representation of his house. There is also an underground museum.


Frederick Douglass National Historic Site

Washington, District of Columbia, 20020
This is the home of one of the most famous African Americans in United States history. Perched high on a hilltop, the site offers a sweeping view of the U.S. Capitol and the Washington D.C. skyline.


Georgia State Capitol

Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, 30334
Completed in 1889, this building still serves as the home to Georgia's General Assembly and contains the offices for the governor, lieutenant governor, and secretary of state.


Gloria Dei (Old Swede's) Church

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19147
Founded in 1677, Gloria Dei is the second oldest Swedish church in the United States. The building is Pennsylvania's oldest church building, having been completed sometime around 1700.


Merchants' Exchange Building

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19106
Upon its completion in 1834, the building became the financial center for Philadelphia, housing commercial houses, marine insurance companies, the Philadelphia Board of Trade, and the Philadelphia Stock Exchange.


Minidoka National Historic Site

Jerome, Idaho, 83338
Minidoka National Historic Site is a National Historic Site. It commemorates the more than 9,000 Japanese Americans who were imprisoned at the Minidoka War Relocation Center during the Second World War.


Pennsylvania Hospital

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19107
The Pennsylvania Hospital was founded in 1751 by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond, making it the oldest hospital in the United States. The Pine Building was the original hospital and was based on the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh, Scotland.


Schuyler Mansion

Albany, New York, 12202
Schuyler Mansion is now a museum and an official National Historic Landmark. It was constructed from 1761 to 1765 for Philip Schuyler, later a general in the Continental Army and early U.S. Senator, who resided there from 1763 until his death in 1804.

Top 10 Most Popular National Historic Sites Landmarks

  1. Alcatraz Island
  2. Chimney Rock National Historic Site
  3. Georgia State Capitol
  4. Cataldo Mission
  5. Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site
  6. Fox Theatre
  7. Carpenter's Hall
  8. Gloria Dei (Old Swede's) Church
  9. Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site
  10. Merchants' Exchange Building