Often referred to as "The Rock" or simply Alcatraz, the island has been the location of a lighthouse, a fort, a military and federal prison and an American Indian protest. It has become a popular tourist attraction.
Dubuque, Dubuque County, Iowa, 52001
Completed in 1858, this massive Egyptian Revival style stone building was designed by the same architect who also did the Old Illinois State Capitol. The Dubuque County Historical Society now owns the building and operates it as a local history museum.
Baltzer, Sunflower County, Mississippi, 38738
Mississippi State Penitentiary (MSP), also known as Parchman Farm, is the oldest prison and the only maximum security prison for men in the state of Mississippi.
Boise, Ada County, Idaho, 83712
The Old Idaho State Penitentiary was a functional prison from 1872 to 1973. The first building, also known as the Territorial Prison, was constructed in the Territory of Idaho in 1870.
Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, 30315
The United States Penitentiary, Atlanta (USP Atlanta) is a medium-security United States federal prison for male inmates in Atlanta, Georgia. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.
Moundsville, Marshall County, West Virginia, 26041
This gothic structure operated as a penitentiary from 1876 to 1995. Courts ruled that the 5 x 7-foot (2.1 m) cells were cruel and unusual punishment and the prison was closed. The site is now maintained as a tourist attraction and training facility.